Black Mission is a popular variety of the edible fig. It was first introduced to what is now the United States in 1768 when Franciscan Missionaries planted it in San Diego It was also planted in the subsequent missions that the Franciscans established up the California coast. Gustav Eisen writes, "The early padres and missionaries in the Pacific coast States cultivated no other variety of fig". It later became the main commercial variety planted throughout California.
The Mission fig is a high quality fig variety. It is a dark skinned fig with a strawberry colored interior. The skin of the fruit often cracks when it is ripe. The tree is long lived and grows to be quite large. It is considered one of the highest quality figs that can be grown in zones 9 and up in the U S.